Activated Alumina Filter Media

Removes chemicals [such as fluoride and arsenic] by chemically bonding them to the filter media itself and thus trapping them in the filter and not allowing that chemical to pass through.

Activated Carbon

This is a form of carbon that is processed to be more porous. It is effective in water filtration because the great surface area traps many water contaminants and takes them out of the water, but doesn't clog up the water flow.

Alkaline Ionized Water

Water which has undergone ionization and which has the properties of smaller cluster size, greater alkalinity, and increased ORP [oxidation reduction potential].


The ability of a substance to prevent or fight against the free radical damage caused by oxidation. If a substance has extra electrons that can be donated to the O2 molecules which are missing electrons, then it is said to be an antioxidant.

Body Fluid Buffering

Body fluids must maintain an pH level 7.365. Therefore the body is in a constant state of buffering its body fluids. Factors in fluid buffering are things like consuming junk food, smoking, pollution, chemicals and lack of exercise increase acidity within body fluids, which then must be counteracted [buffered] by alkaline minerals. The body has a variety of storage places for these alkaline minerals like joints and bones that are have abundant natural buffers that the body will rob and deplete to buffer the incoming acids. When the body is unable to rob enough alkaline minerals fast enough to remove acids out of the blood, it turns to ther means.


The process of an acidic solution becoming more neutral by adding alkalinity or the process of an alkaline solution becoming more neutral by adding more acidity.


An alkalizing mineral found in water at varying degrees and is the predominant mineral that makes up the human skeleton. It is one of the minerals needed for electrolysis.

Carbon Filtration

Carbon filtration is very effective in removing a variety of contaminants and odors from water. Filtration quality is effected by the speed in which the water is passed through the filter. Carbon does not remove minerals, salts or dissolved solids from the water. Activated carbon is more effective than solid carbon filters due to the increased surface area in which to trap contaminants.

Ceramic Filter

A porous filter made of ceramic. Can be effective in cleaning the water at least of elements that are larger than water molecules.


A stable compound of chlorine plus amonia used in water treatment to as disinfection. Unlike chlorine, chloramine is difficult filter out of the water. The best method known is a slower flow rate of 2 liters per min. or less through agranulated active carbon (GAC) filter.


Dehydration is a condition that occurs when the loss of body fluids, mostly water, exceeds the amount that is taken in. With dehydration, more water is moving out of our cells and bodies than what we take in through drinking.


A diverter is a manual valve attachment for your faucet that allows the water to be diverted from the faucet through a hose attachment to another appliance such as an water ionizer.

Filtration Media or Filter Media

Filters manufactured with varios different materials used to filter out impurities suspended within water. These materials are called "media". The better variety of filter media [also called numbers of stages...i.e., 9-stage] makes for a higher quality filtration. Multi-stage media filters are very effective against today's challenges of chloramine and fluoride being added and pharmaceuticals drugs finding their way into our drinking water supply.


Fluoride is light-weight mineral [hard to filter out] which is a toxin. A water ionizer will filter out about 85% of the Fluoride. Reverse osmosis will filter out up to 93% of the Fluoride. An activated alumina filter will filter out up to 99% of the Fluoride.

Functional Water

Water which has been enhanced in its ability to hydrate and cleanse [get acids out of] your cells, so as to enhance the process of oxygen getting to your cells and bring about better functions within your cells.

GAC - Granulated Active Carbon Filter

This is filter media that's good for removing chlorine, chloramine, pesticides, organic compounds and other chemicals. Because it's so porous, it can adsorb a large amount of contaminants.

Hard Water

Water with high levels of calcium and magnesium. Water hardness is measured in PPM (parts per million) or gpg (grains per gallon). Water is considered soft or hard according to the PPM or GPG of disolved calcium and magnesium suspended in the water. Most references report soft water as below 17 ppm or 0-1 gpg, medium water as 18 – 75 ppm or 1 - 4 gpg, hard water as 151 – 200 ppm or 7 – 11 gpg and very hard at over 200 ppm or over 11 gp. Additional filtration is required for hard and very hard water for good results with ionization. Reverse Osmosis is the standard way to properly filter very hard water.


A charged particle.


ISO is the icon for the International Organization for Standardization, which is the world's largest developer and publisher of international standards for manufacturers. It has a presense in 161 countries and is chaired by participants in both the governments of those countries and the industry representatives. The purpose of ISO is to develop and encourage standards to protect consumers, workers and the environment. ISO 9001 refers to a family of standards addressing the quality of management in a water ionizer or any other manufacturing facility. ISO 14001 refers to the environment and the goal of this certification is to minimize the harmful effects on the environment caused in the manufacturing of products.. Both the ISO 9001 & ISO 14001 are certifications to look for when purchasing a water ionizer.


KDF stands for Kinetic Degradation Fluxion. This is expensive sophisticatedly designed filter media which will remove chlorine, chloramines, lead, copper, mercury, iron, hydrogen sulfide and will reduce bacteria, lime, scale, fungus, and algae. It operates by chemically bonding to contaminants and either changing them to harmless molecules or causing them to become trapped in the filter and seperated from the water supply.


This term refers to water clusters of six-molocules that have been reduced through ionization from the original 14-24 molocule clusters typically found in source water tap supply. Micro-clustering reduces the surface tension and structure of water allowing it to be absobed faster into the cells.


A micron is one millionth of a meter. Advanced filtration available today filters to .1M, which stands for 1/10 of a micron or one ten-millionth of a meter. Filtration of less that .1 micron would require reverse osmosis or nano-filtration that filter out virus, mold and bacteria.


ORP stands for Oxidation Reduction Potential. A negative ORP can be explained as having the properties of an antioxidant. ORP is measured in mille volts [mv] as positive [+] or negative [-]. Negative ORP is desired for its anti-oxidizing benefits. Positive ORP [as found in tap and bottled water] causes oxidation.


An oxygen [O2] molecule is often found with a missing electron. When this happens it's called a "free radical". Free radicals look for and rob the needed electron from nearby cells. This causes what is called "oxidation", which is a deterioration of the surface of a cell after an electron has been robbed from it by an invading free radical.


Potential Hydrogen. This signifies the proportion of OH- verses H+ that is present in a solution. OH- [alkaline] is free to take on an H+ [acid] to bring about a neutral within a solution. This process is called “Buffering”. PH is measured on a scale of 0 to 14, in which 0 is a theoretical lowest acidity and 14 is the highest alkalinity. PH of 7 is called neutral. Each progression up the scale signifies ten times the level before it. [Ex. A solution with a pH of 8 is ten times more alkaline (contains ten times more OH- ions) than a solution of pH of 7.]

Reverse Osmosis

A water filtering system that utilizes a membrane which allows only the solvent [water] to pass through but not the dissolved particles.


rH srands for Relative Hydrogen. This term is used when comparing ionizers. It basically means how much ORP per unit of pH. rH is a calculation which shows the actual health benefits of the water tested. To find rH one uses pH and ORP measurements plugged into a formula. The formula is: rH= ((ORP + 200) / 30) + (2 * pH). On a scale from 0 to 42 above 28 is oxidizing representing a higher potential to damage cells and the closer it gets to 40. Below 28 is reducing representing an anti-oxididen. The lower the number the better.

Silver Impregnated Carbon Filter

A carbon filter protected against internal bacterial growth through impregnated silver within the filter, which inhibits bacterial growth.


A crystalline metal added to water filters to reduce water surface tension and improve ionization.

UL Certification

Underwriters' Laboratories is connected with insurance underwriters. They certify equipment so as to protect consumers from equipment made with faulty designs, which could then potentially burn down their house.

Water Ionizer

An electrical device that first filters the water, then reduces the water-cluster size, splits the water into two streams [alkaline and acidic] by electrically activating [charging] the ions in the water.